In SQL, the ORDER BY clause is typically employed to sort the result-set from a SELECT statement in ascending or descending order. It sorts the results based on one or more columns.

The basic syntax for ORDER BY is as follows:

SELECT column1, column2, ...
FROM table_name
ORDER BY column1 [ASC|DESC], column2 [ASC|DESC], ...

The ORDER BY keyword is accompanied by the column on which you'd like to sort the results. By default, ORDER BY sorts the data in ascending order. If you wish to sort the data in descending order, you should use the DESC keyword.

Here's an example:

SELECT * 
FROM Employees
ORDER BY Salary DESC;

This SQL statement selects all fields from the "Employees" table, then sorts the result in descending order by the "Salary" column.

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